The Crawshaw Manuscript

A manuscript octavo collection of music acquired by the Brotherton Library of The University of Leeds about the year 2000 contains sixty-one pieces of music from the mid-eighteenth century. It also contains the signatures of several generations of the Crawshaw family, local professional musicians, one of whom - Thomas Crawshaw - was the last of the old Leeds Waits. Thomas was a wait from about 1800 until their abolition with the implementation of the Municipal Corporations Act (1835) in Leeds at the end of that year. He died a pauper in 1858. The music all pre-dates the birth of Thomas up to two generations, and the other three signatures in the book were of his brother, father and presumably his grandfather. As waits tended to run in families, this collection was probably associated with the Leeds Waits for a century prior to their abolition. See also my history of the Leeds Waits here.

The collection contains military marches, dances of the assembly rooms, pieces from the London theatres and pleasure gardens and a number of the fashionable Scottish tunes of the mid-eighteenth century.

The music in the Crawshaw manuscript is in one, two, three, and in one case four parts, and the multi-part pieces are set out to be played from this one copy, e.g. (a) two (treble) parts written on facing pages, (b) Two treble parts on facing pages with the bass part written across the lower parts of both pages. Other pieces are for keyboard.

Index

  1. Aria Andante of Mr. Chilcot, Thomas Chilcot, 1700-66, JPG, MP3
  2. In Praise of Bacchus, George Bickham, The Musical Entertainer, 1737-8, JPG, MP3
  3. Collin's Farewell to Grisy, George Bickham, The Musical Entertainer, 1737-8, JPG, MP3
  4. The Northern Lad's Complaint George Bickham, The Musical Entertainer, 1737-8, JPG, MP3
  5. Minuet by Mr. Festing, Michael Festing, 1705-52, JPG, MP3
  6. Vauxhall or Spring Gardens, George Bickham, The Musical Entertainer, 1737-8, JPG, MP3
  7. Minuet Primo and Minuet Secondo, unidentified source, JPG, MP3
  8. The Soldier's Song, unidentified source, JPG, MP3
  9. Trumpet Air, unidentified source, JPG, MP3
  10. Capt. Death, anon., Capt. William Death, privateer, died in a famous battle in 1756, JPG, MP3
  11. Villa Francka Minuet, unidentified source, JPG, MP3
  12. Scottish Tune, unidentified source, JPG, MP3
  13. An Air by Mr Handel, Handel?, JPG, MP3
  14. Gavot, unidentified source, JPG, MP3
  15. Minuet, unidentified source, JPG, MP3
  16. The Fairing, unidentified source, JPG, MP3
  17. Minuets by Mr Festing, Michael Festing, JPG, MP3
  18. Lady Millbank's Minuet, William Herschel; Herschel stayed at Halnaby Hall, home of his Commanding Officer Sir Ralph Milbanke Bt. in 1760. JPG, MP3
  19. Lord Downes Minuet, unidentified source, Henry Dawnay, 3rd Viscount Downe or John, 4th Viscount, JPG, MP3
  20. Sally, unidentified source, JPG, MP3
  21. Scotch Tune, unidentified source, JPG, MP3
  22. Duke of Glosters March, anon., neither by Jeremiah Clarke nor John Playford, JPG, MP3
  23. Air, unidentified source, JPG, MP3
  24. The Dust Cart, James Oswald, 1751, JPG, MP3
  25. Sung by Miss Macklin at the Theatre Royal in Drurylain, anon., Mary Macklin, well-known actress, 1734-81, JPG, MP3
  26. Minuet unidentified source, JPG, MP3
  27. March, unidentified source, JPG, MP3
  28. The Jigg by Mr. Humphries John Humphries, 1707-1740, JPG, MP3
  29. Brisk Are, unidentified source, JPG, MP3
  30. March, unidentified source, JPG, MP3
  31. March, unidentified source, JPG, MP3
  32. March, unidentified source, JPG, MP3
  33. The King of Prussia's March, unidentified source; Prussian victories in 1757-8 were celebrated with music by the Leeds Waits, JPG, MP3
  34. England Air, unidentified source, JPG, MP3
  35. Untitled, unidentified source, JPG, MP3
  36. Minuet, unidentified source, JPG, MP3
  37. Le Cor de Chasse or The French Chase, Gautier, The Hague, 1759, JPG, MP3
  38. Shilinagare, unidentified source, JPG, MP3
  39. Minuet, unidentified source, JPG, MP3
  40. Minuet, unidentified source, JPG, MP3
  41. Minuet, unidentified source, JPG, MP3
  42. Untitled, unidentified source, JPG, MP3
  43. March, unidentified source, JPG, MP3
  44. Mr Chrion's Minuet unidentified source, JPG, MP3
  45. Untitled Minuet? unidentified source, JPG, MP3
  46. Hit Her Upon the Bun, James Oswald, Caledonian Pocket Companion, 1747, JPG, MP3
  47. Dunkon Gray, "Duncan Gray", Caledonian Pocket Companion, 1751, JPG, MP3
  48. March, unidentified source, JPG, MP3
  49. March, unidentified source, JPG, MP3
  50. The Royal Foristers March, anon., 45th Regt.of Foot, founded 1741, dance published 1770, JPG, MP3
  51. Untitled, unidentified source, JPG, MP3
  52. The Liverpole March, unidentified source, JPG, MP3
  53. The Wiltshire Militia's March or Ld. Bruce's, Lord Bruce, CO of Wiltshire Militia 1759-70, JPG, MP3
  54. The Duke of Bedford's March, Lord John Russell, Duke of Bedford 1732-1771, JPG, MP3
  55. Lord Pembrook's March, Henry Herbert, Lord Pembroke, Lord Lt. of Wiltshire 1756-80, JPG, MP3
  56. Collonell Thorton March, Thomas Thornton, Col. in West York Militia, est. 1759, JPG, MP3
  57. Vilo Primo March of Mr. Hershell, William Herschel was in Leeds in the early 1760s, JPG, MP3
  58. The Macklenberg Minuet William Herschel was in Leeds when George III married Charlotte of Mecklenburg in 1761, JPG, MP3
  59. Hymn, Jesus Christ is Ris'n Today, from Lyra Davidica, 1708, JPG, MP3
  60. The New Coldstream March, 1740s, as The Old Coldstream March still a regimental slow march, JPG, MP3
  61. The Five Hunt, unidentified source, JPG, MP3